Do type 1 or 2 diabetics live longer?

After diabetes diagnosis, many type 1 and type 2 diabetics worry about their life expectancy. How quickly diabetes was diagnosed, the progress of diabetic complications, and whether one has other existing conditions will contribute to life expectancy, regardless of whether the person concerned has type 1 or type 2 diabetes People with type 1 diabetes have traditionally lived shorter lives, and it has been said that life expectancy has fallen by more than 20 years. However, the improvement in diabetes care in recent decades indicates that people with type 1 diabetes are now living much longer. It sounds very depressing, but there are a few factors that also need to be considered.

Statistics are based on historical figures of times when people with type 1 diabetes People with type 1 diabetes, in most cases, develop diabetes at a younger age than people with type 2 diabetes, so they usually spend a longer period of their lives living with the disease. However, there is good news: people with type 1 diabetes are known to live more than 85 years with this condition. As noted above, recent studies on life expectancy show a significant improvement in the life expectancy rates of people with type 1 diabetes born in the late 20th century. Type 2 diabetes usually develops more slowly than type 1 diabetes.

Type 2 diabetes is a serious condition that can lead to life-threatening complications. In particular, in the ages of 70 to 74, mortality decreased significantly from 16.4% (201) to 15.7% (201) for the diabetic population, as well as for the ages of 75 to 79 years, it decreased from 20.9% (201 to 17.9%). A prospective observational study of a meta-analysis of the relationship between CVD and glycemic control revealed only a moderate increase in cardiovascular risk with increasing levels of glycated hemoglobin in people with diabetes mellitus. In their study, more than 1400 people with type 1 diabetes were randomly assigned to receive intensive diabetes treatment or normal therapy.

Male diabetics show a slightly longer life expectancy than their counterparts in the non-diabetic population, but a marginal gain of 0.6 years over the entire observed period. In this series, multiple linear regression analysis showed a significant relationship between waist circumference and insulin dose and carotid artery IMT when corrected for age of onset, current age, and duration of diabetes. The relative risk of death in diabetics was higher overall (12%), after age 70, before which the relative risk was higher for the non-diabetic population. Kaplan-Meier survival curves for A) the entire diabetic and non-diabetic population, B) the entire diabetic and non-diabetic male population, and C) the entire diabetic and non-diabetic female population.

However, people with type 1 diabetes still have a higher incidence of coronary artery disease (CAD) and mortality compared to the general population. The DCCT, which was conducted from 1983 to 1993, randomly assigned 1,441 volunteers with type 1 diabetes between the ages of 13 and 39 to intensive or conventional care. CDC research also showed that 25 people out of 100,000 died from diabetes-related causes in 2000. As with type 1 diabetes, glucose builds up in the bloodstream and damages cells and tissues throughout the body.

Although the life expectancy of people with type 1 diabetes has increased progressively since the advent of insulin therapy, these patients continue to experience premature mortality, mainly from cardiovascular disease (CVD). The bad news is that the average life expectancy of people with diabetes is shorter than that of people without diabetes. .

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