Type 2 diabetes is usually milder than type 1 diabetes, but it can still cause significant health complications, especially in the tiny blood vessels of the kidneys, nerves, and eyes. type 2 also increases the risk of heart disease and stroke. One is not better or worse than the other. Both of these conditions require careful and conscious management.
If your cells don't get the sugar they need to work, they'll start to die. Type 2 diabetes was formerly called non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) or adult-onset diabetes mellitus (AODM). People who have type 2 diabetes can still produce insulin, but they do so relatively inadequately for their body's needs. Type 2 diabetes usually occurs in people over 30 years of age and its incidence increases with older age.
In contrast, type 1 diabetes is more often diagnosed in young people. The main thing to remember is that both are as serious as the other. Having high blood glucose (or sugar) levels can cause serious health complications, regardless of whether you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes. Therefore, if you have either condition, you should take appropriate steps to manage it.
The body cannot use insulin correctly. As type 2 diabetes worsens, the pancreas may produce less and less insulin. People with type 1 and type 2 diabetes may also experience irritability, mood swings, and involuntary weight loss. People with type 1 and type 2 diabetes may also have numbness and tingling in their hands or feet.
Good glucose control significantly reduces the risk of developing numbness and tingling in a person with type 1 diabetes, according to the American Diabetes Association (ADA). Although many of the symptoms of type 1 and type 2 diabetes are similar, they occur in very different ways. Type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes may have similar names, but they are different diseases with single causes. The main test used to diagnose both type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes is known as an A1C or glycated hemoglobin test.
Most people know that there are two types of diabetes, but not everyone understands the difference between them. In both type 1 and type 2 diabetes, blood sugar levels can get too high because the body doesn't produce insulin (a hormone that regulates blood sugar) or doesn't use insulin correctly. Although the problem is essentially the same in both types, they have different causes and treatments. Here's what you need to know.
The main difference between the two types of diabetes is that type 1 diabetes is a genetic disorder that often manifests itself early in life, and type 2 is largely related to diet and develops over time. If you have type 1 diabetes, your immune system is attacking and destroying insulin-producing cells in your pancreas. The pancreas is the flat organ that looks like an elongated, lateral coma and hangs behind the stomach. To diagnose type 1 diabetes, you'll need to have blood tests, one of which is called an A1C screening.
A1C tests measure blood sugar levels for the past two to three months and can be used to diagnose type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, and prediabetes. Life Line Screening also offers an A1C screening from the privacy of your home through our at-home tests. The diagnosis of CAD most often also results in a diagnosis of type 1 diabetes. Another complication is low blood sugar or hypoglycemia, which can result from taking too much insulin.
Hypoglycemia needs immediate treatment to bring blood sugar back to normal, usually with foods high in sugar, drinking regular juice or soda, eating candy, or taking glucose tablets or gel. Type 2 diabetes is more common in the U.S. UU. That type 1, and is usually caused by lifestyle.
With type 2 diabetes, the body still produces a small amount of insulin, but it is not effective enough. The pancreas cannot keep up with high blood sugar levels that result from poor diet and lack of exercise. Some people with type 2 diabetes actually have “insulin resistance,” which means that the pancreas produces insulin but the body doesn't recognize it (this is different from type 1, in which insulin-producing cells are being attacked by the immune system). Because of the genetic nature of type 1 diabetes, doctors do not frequently perform or recommend blood tests to determine the likelihood of getting type 1 diabetes.
When symptoms appear, blood tests are necessary for diagnosis. As mentioned above, an A1C test determines blood sugar levels for the past two to three months and is usually used to diagnose type 1, type 2, and prediabetes. Prediabetes means you have a higher-than-normal blood sugar level, but it's not yet high enough to be considered type 2 diabetes. The causes, signs and prevention are essentially the same as those of type 2, but people under the age of 45 have a significantly lower risk.
If you have any of the symptoms of diabetes or prediabetes, be sure to get tested as soon as you can. Schedule an A1C Assessment to Get Started. Type 1 diabetes is a genetic disorder that usually manifests early in life, and type 2 diabetes develops over time, largely due to diet. In both cases, the body does not produce enough insulin to properly regulate blood sugar, but for different reasons.
If you have symptoms, you can get tested for diabetes with an A1C test, which measures your blood sugar level for the past 2 or 3 months. At Life Line Screening, we have years of experience helping people prevent significant medical problems with vital early detection services, including A1C screenings. In fact, screening tests are our specialty. We partner with community centers to help people have quick and easy access to the screening they want to stay on top of their health.
No long doctor visits, no complicated insurance to deal with, just practical examinations for people concerned about their health by trained professionals. Life Line Screening, Thyroid Health, Hyperthyroidism, Hypothyroidism, Thyroid Disease. Do you think you may have COVID-19? Find out where you can get tested Do you need a shot or booster? Schedule Today Are you coming to a Cleveland clinic? Visitation and Mask Requirements Type 2 diabetes is not the same as type 1 diabetes. In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas does not produce insulin.
In type 2, the pancreas doesn't make enough insulin, and the insulin it produces doesn't always work as it should. Both types are forms of diabetes mellitus, meaning they cause hyperglycemia (high blood sugar levels). Type 2 diabetes usually affects older adults, although it is becoming more common in children. Type 1 diabetes usually develops in children or young adults, but people of any age can get it.
Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. About 1 in 10 Americans have the disease. It is the seventh leading cause of death in the U.S. In rare cases, type 2 diabetes causes a condition called diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA).
CAD is a life-threatening condition that causes blood to become acidic. People with type 1 diabetes are more likely to have CAD. Some people take medicines to control diabetes, along with diet and exercise. Your healthcare provider may recommend oral medications for diabetes.
These are pills or liquids that you take by mouth. For example, a drug called metformin helps control the amount of glucose the liver produces. Regular checkups and exams with your healthcare provider can also help you keep your blood sugar level under control. If you have type 2 diabetes, how well you do depends on how well you control your blood glucose level.
Untreated type 2 diabetes can cause a variety of life-threatening health conditions. It is important to monitor diabetes very closely if you are sick. Even a common cold can be dangerous if it interferes with your insulin and blood sugar levels. Make a “sick day” plan with your health care provider to learn how often you should check your blood sugar level and what medicines you should take.
Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center. Advertising on our site helps support our mission. We do not endorse products or services other than Cleveland Clinic. To prevent and control high blood glucose levels in people with diabetes, keep track of their blood sugar levels, eat foods high in carbohydrates, sugar, such as butter potatoes, sweets, sugary desserts and fatty foods that you can share with your doctor and other professionals of health.
An important feature of type 2 diabetes is the lack of insulin sensitivity on the part of the body's cells (especially fat and muscle cells). The two types of diabetes have some important differences, but there is no clear answer as to which one is worse. Treatment for type 1 diabetes is insulin, and treatment for type 2 diabetes consists of lifestyle changes, such as eating a healthy diet, daily exercise, and, if needed, diabetes medication. For others, maintaining a healthy weight, exercising regularly, and eating a healthy, balanced diet can help prevent or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes and thus preserve health.
People with type 2 diabetes need medicines, lifestyle changes, such as eating a healthy diet and exercising regularly. Tests to identify abnormal antibodies made by the immune system are used to diagnose type 1 diabetes. People who are obese more than 20% above their ideal body weight for their height are at particularly high risk of developing type 2 diabetes and its related medical problems. Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder that occurs when the body produces insufficient insulin or does not produce insulin, or does not use it correctly, causing blood sugar (glucose) levels to rise (hyperglycemia).
Some diabetes patients who are not treated also experience widespread symptoms such as fatigue, nausea, and vomiting. Due to the development of complications, studies have shown that, on average, people with type 1 diabetes have a life expectancy that is still 12 years below the average. If you have type 1 diabetes, work with your doctor to identify how much insulin you may need to inject after eating certain types of food. .