You Can Control Type 2 Diabetes in More Ways Than Type 1 Diabetes. These include medications, exercise, and diet. People with type 2 may also be prescribed insulin. There is currently no cure for type 1, but research is ongoing.
Most people with type 1 diabetes need to start injecting insulin as soon as they are diagnosed. They should be careful what they eat, to avoid causing spikes in their blood glucose, but type 1 cannot be controlled by diet alone. The need for insulin treatment is why type 1 is classified as insulin-dependent. Type 2 diabetes can be controlled and even reversed with diet and exercise alone, but many people need extra support.
If lifestyle changes are not enough, your doctor may prescribe medications that help the body use insulin more. Do you think you may have COVID-19? Find out where you can get tested Do you need a shot or booster? Schedule Today Are you coming to a Cleveland clinic? Visitation and Mask Requirements Type 2 diabetes is not the same as type 1 diabetes. In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas does not produce insulin. In type 2, the pancreas doesn't make enough insulin, and the insulin it produces doesn't always work as it should.
Both types are forms of diabetes mellitus, meaning they cause hyperglycemia (high blood sugar levels). Type 2 diabetes usually affects older adults, although it is becoming more common in children. Type 1 diabetes usually develops in children or young adults, but people of any age can get it. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes.
About 1 in 10 Americans have the disease. It is the seventh leading cause of death in the U.S. UU. In rare cases, type 2 diabetes causes a condition called diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA).
CAD is a life-threatening condition that causes blood to become acidic. People with type 1 diabetes are more likely to have CAD. Some people take medicines to control diabetes, along with diet and exercise. Your healthcare provider may recommend oral medications for diabetes.
These are pills or liquids that you take by mouth. For example, a drug called metformin helps control the amount of glucose the liver produces. Regular checkups and exams with your healthcare provider can also help you keep your blood sugar level under control. If you have type 2 diabetes, how well you do depends on how well you control your blood glucose level.
Untreated type 2 diabetes can cause a variety of life-threatening health conditions. It is important to monitor diabetes very closely if you are sick. Even a common cold can be dangerous if it interferes with your insulin and blood sugar levels. Make a “sick day” plan with your health care provider to learn how often you should check your blood sugar level and what medicines you should take.
Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center. Advertising on our site helps support our mission. We do not endorse products or services other than Cleveland Clinic. In type 1, the body's immune system begins to attack and destroy parts of itself, specifically its own beta cells.
In type 1 diabetes (formerly called juvenile onset or insulin-dependent diabetes), the body stops producing insulin altogether. Treatment for type 1 diabetes is insulin, and treatment for type 2 diabetes consists of lifestyle changes, such as eating a healthy diet, daily exercise, and, if needed, diabetes medication. Any type of diabetes accelerates blood vessel damage due to hardening of the arteries (atherosclerosis), leading to coronary heart disease (angina or heart attack), strokes, and pain in the lower extremities due to lack of blood supply (claudication). If you have type 2 diabetes, you should check your blood sugar level at home regularly and stay in close communication with your healthcare provider.
The main test used to diagnose both type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes is known as an A1C or glycated hemoglobin test. As type 1 diabetes progresses, beta cells are thought to disappear completely (although some preliminary research suggests that there may still be weak beta-cell activity in some people with. Absolute lack of insulin, usually due to destruction of the insulin-producing beta cells of the pancreas, is the main problem of type 1 diabetes. Both type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes require good control of their diet by eating foods that help regulate blood sugar, exercise and, in most patients, medical treatments to allow the patient to remain in good health.
On the other hand, known risk factors for type 2 diabetes include older age, family history, obesity, use of certain medications, sedentary lifestyle, and ethnicity. In people with type 1 diabetes, beta cells in the pancreas that are responsible for insulin production are attacked by the misdirected immune system. Advances in modern treatments are likely to reduce these gaps, and taking steps to ensure diabetes is well controlled and a healthy lifestyle can further reduce the risk of death from complications. .