Is it better to have type 1 or type 2 diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes is usually milder than type 1 diabetes, but it can still cause significant health complications, especially in the tiny blood vessels of the kidneys, nerves, and eyes. Type 2 also increases the risk of heart disease and stroke. One is not better or worse than the other. Both of these conditions require careful and conscious handling.

If your cells don't get the sugar they need to work, they'll start to die. As type 1 diabetes progresses, beta-cells are thought to disappear completely (although some preliminary research suggests that there may still be weak beta-cell activity in some people with this type). Both type 1 and type 2 diabetes can lead to long-term complications if a person doesn't manage them properly. This situation is more likely to occur if the person is also overweight or has other risk factors for type 2 diabetes, such as a sedentary lifestyle.

Younger people who may be at higher risk for diabetes, such as those with a family history of the condition, should also be screened for type 2 diabetes regularly. However, a person who is originally diagnosed with type 2 diabetes may receive a different type 1 diagnosis at a later date. Type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes may have similar names, but they are different diseases with single causes. The main difference between the two types of diabetes is that type 1 diabetes is a genetic disorder that often manifests itself early in life, and type 2 is largely related to diet and develops over time.

Some people with type 2 diabetes don't have any symptoms and don't find out they have the condition until complications develop. Although many of the symptoms of type 1 and type 2 diabetes are similar, they occur in very different ways. It has been estimated that the risk of developing type 2 diabetes doubles for every 20% increase in desirable body weight. A person with type 2 diabetes who is later diagnosed with type 1 will not have experienced a change in their diabetes status.

Experts say the new drug tirzepatide holds promise for controlling blood glucose levels and helping people with type 2 diabetes reduce their food intake. The symptoms of both types of diabetes may be subtle at first and may not cause any symptoms. Other aspects of metabolic syndrome also occur along with type 2 diabetes, such as obesity, high blood pressure, and cardiovascular disease. Type 2 diabetes is the most common type, so a doctor might initially suspect that an adult with diabetes has type 2.An important feature of type 2 diabetes is the lack of insulin sensitivity on the part of the body's cells (especially fat and muscle cells).

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