When it comes to diabetes, there are two main types: type 1 and type 2.While both can cause significant health complications, they are different in terms of their causes, symptoms, and treatments. Type 1 diabetes is a genetic disorder that often manifests itself early in life. It occurs when the body's cells don't get the sugar they need to work, leading to the death of beta-cells. As a result, the body is unable to produce enough insulin to regulate blood sugar levels.
People with type 1 diabetes may experience symptoms such as frequent urination, extreme thirst, fatigue, and weight loss. Type 2 diabetes is usually milder than type 1 diabetes, but it can still cause serious health complications. It is largely related to diet and develops over time. People with type 2 diabetes may not have any symptoms at first, but they can eventually experience frequent urination, extreme thirst, fatigue, and weight gain.
The risk of developing type 2 diabetes increases with age and is higher for those who are overweight or have a sedentary lifestyle. It is also more common in people with a family history of the condition. Experts say that the new drug tirzepatide holds promise for controlling blood glucose levels and helping people with type 2 diabetes reduce their food intake. An important feature of type 2 diabetes is the lack of insulin sensitivity on the part of the body's cells (especially fat and muscle cells).