What Causes Type 2 Diabetes and How to Manage It

Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes, and it occurs when the body doesn't use insulin properly. This means that the cells don't interact normally with insulin, resulting in not enough sugar being absorbed. People with type 2 diabetes can manage their condition through healthy eating and exercise, but some may need medication or insulin to control their blood sugar levels. It's important to understand how type 2 diabetes is diagnosed and what lifestyle choices can help reduce the risk of developing it.

The recommended diet for people with type 2 diabetes is the same as for everyone else, and it's important to encourage children to eat well and be physically active every day. Diabetes self-management education and support services are available, and a doctor may also recommend controlling blood pressure and cholesterol levels. Over time, the pancreas may not be able to keep up with the body's needs, leading to prediabetes and type 2 diabetes. Uncontrolled type 2 diabetes can cause chronically high blood glucose levels, which can lead to several symptoms and potentially serious complications.

If you've been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, talk to your doctor about developing a treatment plan that fits your lifestyle. Type 2 diabetes is caused by a combination of genes and environmental factors, such as viruses. It usually starts with insulin resistance, when the muscles, liver, and fat cells don't use insulin well. People who look thin on the outside may have fat on the inside that puts them at risk for type 2 diabetes.

When more than one medication is needed to control type 2 diabetes, that's called combination therapy. Statins, which are medicines to lower LDL (“bad”) cholesterol levels, may slightly increase the likelihood of developing diabetes. No matter where you are with type 2 diabetes, there are a few things you should know. You have everything you need to fight it, so start by learning how type 2 diabetes is diagnosed and what lifestyle choices can help manage or even reverse it.

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