Does Type 2 Diabetes Shorten Life Expectancy?

People with type 2 diabetes, on average, have a shorter life expectancy by about 10 years. By estimating the impact of diabetes on longevity, researchers determined that a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes at about age 15 led to a loss of approximately 12 years of life. A diagnosis at age 45 reduced life expectancy by approximately 6 years, while a diagnosis at age 65 reduced 2 years of life. At age 80, the diagnosis of type 2 diabetes had no effect on the years of life lost.

Mortality of diabetic and non-diabetic populations by age group is presented in Table 3.To make sure you're doing everything you can to manage your diabetes effectively, Byram Healthcare has a range of continuous blood glucose monitors. Type 2 diabetes is a complex condition that can affect many different parts of the body and how they function. While having diabetes doesn't necessarily mean you'll die at a younger age, many complications can occur that increase your risk of premature death. While lifestyle modification remains the cornerstone of cardiovascular risk prevention, physical activity is much more difficult for these heavier and younger patients, he said.

The odds of survival for diabetics are highest among those in the age group up to 65 and equal to those of the non-diabetic population around age 70. After the analysis, the researchers found that the average person with type 1 diabetes was 42.8 years old and had a life expectancy from now on of 32.6 years. The American Heart Association (AHA) estimates that adults with diabetes are two to four times more likely to suffer from fatal heart disease than those without diabetes. Rather than just thinking about how diabetes will affect your life, experts suggest that people with this condition should look at their overall health more broadly.

We have tried to segregate diabetic and non-diabetic populations, as well as to stratify them by sex and age, and we recognize that there could be the problem of selection bias arising from a lack of information on comorbidity. Many people live with diabetes for years before being diagnosed, but once they receive it, they can address the condition head-on. For each individual, diabetes will progress differently, says Joanne Rinker, RD, CDE, director of practice and content development at the American Association of Diabetes Educators. Unlike type 1 diabetes, an autoimmune disease, type 2 diabetes develops due to a combination of unhealthy lifestyle habits, genetics, and obesity.

Age-adjusted risks of death show significant changes after age 60 for the diabetic population, coinciding with the age of diagnosis. But it's also true that no two people with diabetes are alike, and how a person manages their blood sugar level is key when considering how the disease might affect life span. When you have type 2 diabetes, there are many factors that can increase your risk of complications, and these complications can affect your life expectancy.

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