Type 2 diabetes is an impediment in the way the body regulates and uses sugar (glucose) as fuel. This long-term (chronic) condition causes too much sugar to circulate in the bloodstream. Over time, high blood sugar levels can cause disorders of the circulatory, nervous and immune systems. No Matter Where You Are With Type 2 Diabetes, There Are A Few Things You Should Know.
It is the most common form of diabetes. Type 2 means your body doesn't use insulin properly. And while some people can control their blood sugar levels with a healthy diet and exercise, others may need medication or insulin to control it. In any case, you have everything you need to fight it.
Not sure where to start? Learn how type 2 diabetes is diagnosed. Type 2 diabetes is a disease in which blood glucose, or blood sugar, levels are too high. Glucose is your main source of energy. It comes from the food you eat.
A hormone called insulin helps glucose enter cells to give them energy. If you have diabetes, your body doesn't make enough insulin or doesn't use it well. Glucose stays in the blood and doesn't get enough into the cells. Type 2 diabetes, the most common type of diabetes, is a disease that occurs when blood glucose, also called blood sugar, is too high.
Blood glucose is your main source of energy and comes mainly from the foods you eat. Insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas, helps glucose enter cells to be used as an energy source. In type 2 diabetes, the body doesn't make enough insulin or doesn't use it well. Then too much glucose stays in the blood and not enough reaches the cells.
Type 2 diabetes occurs when cells in the body resist the normal effect of insulin, which involves carrying glucose from the blood into cells. This condition is called insulin resistance. As a result, glucose begins to accumulate in the blood. Type 2 diabetes occurs when the body doesn't produce enough insulin to work properly or the body's cells don't react to insulin.
This means that glucose stays in the blood and is not used as fuel to generate energy. Exercising regularly and reducing body weight by about 5% could reduce the risk of getting diabetes by more than 50%. You may also be at higher risk if you have had gestational diabetes or prediabetes, two conditions caused by high glucose levels. In most cases, the best chance to prevent type 2 diabetes is to make lifestyle changes that work for you in the long term.
The recommended diet for people with type 2 diabetes is the same diet that almost everyone should follow. Your family doctor or diabetes nurse will also teach a family member or close friend how to inject insulin correctly. The main groups that may qualify for social benefits are children, the elderly and people with learning disabilities, mental health problems or complications of diabetes. However, even though increasing age is a risk factor for type 2 diabetes, in recent years younger people from all ethnic groups have been developing the disease.
Diabetes symptoms occur because a lack of insulin means that glucose stays in the blood and is not used as fuel to generate energy. If you have type 2 diabetes, your cells don't respond normally to insulin; this is called insulin resistance. Pregnant women with diabetes usually undergo prenatal check-ups in a hospital or diabetic clinic, ideally with a doctor who specializes in pregnancy care (an obstetrician). The diabetic eye exam is specific for diabetic retinopathy and cannot be trusted for other conditions.
Symptoms of type 2 diabetes often develop slowly over several years and may be so mild that you may not even notice them. This content is provided as a service of the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK), part of the National Institutes of Health. If you have type 2 diabetes, you should be invited to have an eye exam once a year to check for diabetic retinopathy. Treatment for diabetic retinopathy is only needed if screening tests detect significant problems that mean your vision is at risk.